Tennis History

Tennis History You Should Know
A little bit of tennis history any tennis beginners should know.

For any future athlete that intends to start a new activity, knowing a little bit of history about the sport is always a good idea.

Ball games can be traced back for hundreds and thousands of years.
Usually played for entertainment or during religious ceremonies, ball games became highly popular in countless civilizations worldwide. European monks probably created the game of tennis. The players quickly found out that instead of hitting the ball off walls they had better control using their hand. A leather glove was soon created, and not long after, an adapted handle completed the first racquet.
As the racquets evolved, so did the balls that were used.
A bouncier type stuffed with bran material soon replaced the first primitive wooden balls.
The game became highly popular amongst monasteries all around Europe during the 14th century. At one time, the church considered forbidding the game.

In1874, Major Walter C. Wingfield patented in London the equipment and rules for a game fairly similar to modern tennis. In the same year, the first courts appeared in the United States. By the following year, equipment sets had been sold for use in Russia, India, Canada, and China.
Croquet was highly popular at this time, and the smooth croquet courts proved readily adaptable for tennis.Wingfield’s original court had the shape of an hourglass, narrowest at the net, and it was shorter than the modern court. His rules were subjected to considerable criticism, and he revised them in 1875, but he soon left the further development of the game to others.
In 1877, the All England Club held the first Wimbledon tournament, and its tournament committee came up with a rectangular court and a set of rules that are essentially the game we know today. The net was still five feet high at the sides, a carryover from the game’s indoor ancestor, and the service boxes were 26 feet deep, but by 1882, the specifications had evolved to their current form.
The growth of tennis continued and the 1927 Championship saw the first ever radio broadcast of a tennis event. This increased its popularity further and in the 1930s the game became highly fashionable, led by British stars such as Fred Perry and Don Budge and International Champions such as Henri Lacoste. You’ll notice from the photographs that tennis fashions were somewhat different in those days! Long trousers were the order of the day for men, and for women it was long dresses and stockings.
Fashion trends became a development in their own right and Bunny Austin from the USA shocked the crowds in 1933 when he became the first player to step out on to centre court wearing shorts! The 1930’s became Wimbledon’s boom time and in 1937, the championship was broadcast on the radio for the first time. This was a significant event, truly introducing tennis to the world.
Throughout the 1970s and 1980s the game became dominated by the new legion of international players and crowds became captivated by the likes of Bjorn Borg, Jimmy Connors, and John McEnroe. In the ladies game stars such as Sue Barker, Chris Evert Lloyd and Martina Navratilova filled the courts with fans. Britain’s foremost ladies player was Virginia Wade, the last Brit to win the Championships in 1977. The prize money went up, as did the hemlines of players clothing! In 1986 the Championships adopted yellow tennis balls for the first time – partly to make the speeding balls more visible for television cameras

Badminton Into & History & Advance Mint

Badminton is a game of two or four people. Badminton is the game consists of one player against one player or a team of two players against another team of two players. Badminton was careful an Olympic sport since 1989. Players use racket to hit a shuttlecock over a net. The aim of the game is to strike the shuttlecock over the net in a way that the other player or pair cannot hit it rear before it hits the floor. If the other team was portion, the first team gets to serve. The first player or couple to reach 21 points wins a game. The victor of the match is the first to win 2 sets. In both singles and double, there is modifying of service when the server loses a point. In doubles, the first team to serve has one team member serve. All other times, both players on the team serve.

The early stages of Badminton can be traced to mid-18th century British India; everywhere it was created by British military officers stationed there. Early photograph show Englishmen adding a net to the traditional English game of battledore and shuttlecock. Being particularly popular in the British garrison town Poona (now Pun), the game also come to be known as Poona. Firstly, balls of wool referred as ball badminton were preferred by the top classes in windy or wet conditions, but finally the shuttlecock stuck. This game was taken by retired officers back to England where it developed and rules were set out.

Badminton racquets are frivolous, with top excellence racquets weighing between 70 and 95 grams (2.4 to 3.3 ounces) not with grip or strings. They are collected of a lot of different equipment ranging from carbon fiber combined (graphite reinforced plastic) to solid steel, which may be improved by a variety of materials. Carbon fiber has an excellent strength to mass ratio, is stiff, and gives excellent kinetic energy transfer. Earlier than the acceptance of carbon fiber composite, racquets were made of light metals such as aluminum. Earlier still, racquets were complete of wood. Cheap racquets are still often made of metals such as steel, but wooden racquets are no longer artificial for the ordinary market, because of their extreme mass and cost. Nowadays, nonmaterials such as fullerene and carbon annotates are added to rackets bountiful them greater toughness.

There is a wide assortment of racquet designs, although the laws limit the row size and shape. Different racquets have playing individuality that appeal to different players. Badminton traditional oval head form is still available, but an isometric head shape is ever more common in new racquets.

Badminton court is rectangular and separated into halve by a net. Courts are typically marked for both singles and doubles play, though badminton rules allow a court to be marked for singles only. Badminton doubles court is wider than the singles court, except both are of similar length. Badminton exemption, which often causes perplexity to newer players, is that the doubles court has a shorter serve-length measurement.

Badminton full width of the court is 6.1 meters (20 ft), and in singles this width is compact to 5.18 meters (17 ft). Badminton full length of the court is 13.4 meters (44 ft). The repair courts are clear by a centre line isolating the width of the court, by a short repair line at a distance of 1.98 meters (6 ft 6 inch) from the net, and by the external side and back limits. In doubles, the repair court is also noticeable by a long service line, which is 0.76 meters (2 ft 6 inch) from the back border.

The net is 1.55 meters (5 ft 1 inch) high at the edges and 1.524 meters (5 ft) high in the centre. Badminton net post is placed over the doubles sideline, even when singles is played.
Badminton least height for the upper limit above the court is not mention in the Laws of Badminton. Even so, a badminton court will not be appropriate if the ceiling is probable to be hit on an elevated serve.

Soccer Attacking Principles

In order for a team to play up to its full potential, any good coach must teach how to attack and show what a team can do to maximize its chances of scoring. Everyone loves to score goals. But your team won’t score too many goals if the soccer attacking tactics aren’t refined. The main objective of an attacking strategy is to produce space and time in which to create scoring opportunities by using individual ability, quick, confident combination play and a constant movement of players. Hence coaches should attempt to create training conditions that induce players to develop their individual soccer skill while manipulating time and space.

Here are 5 Principles of Attacking in Soccer:

Penetration

look to go forward past opposing players by shooting, dribbling, running, passing always try to score (if you can’t score look to make a pass – if a pass isn’t possible look to advance the ball by dribbling or running)

Depth/Support

support teammates by providing communication, creating passing options and opportunities for playing the ball forward, and creating numerical superiority (get open with good angle and distance of support, get goal-side etc.) help the ball carrier by moving to a position where you can either receive a pass or draw opponents away from an area the ball carrier is running into provide all around support and options for the ball carrier for both forward
spread out in all directions and stretch out opposition (unbalance defense) and safe backward passes look to combine (wall pass, overlap runs, take overs etc.)
use supporting players to change point of attack

Mobility

create working space for first attacker by changing position and drawing defenders out of their positions (create gaps and unbalance defense) runs off the ball to create good passing angle and distance for advancement/possession or scoring opportunity for first attacker runs off the ball to create numerical advantage and provide opportunities for scoring, advancement or possession

Width

use the full width of the field (players with or without the ball) and force opposition to open gaps by drawing defenders out of the middle and thus creating spaces for players to move into and advance

Improvisation/Creativity/Surprise

create opportunities for advancement, possession and scoring by making use of dynamic team actions (combinations etc.) and individual skills such as feints and fakes make the attack unpredictable to break down defenses through creativity and surprise in the right place of the field (creative movement on and off the ball)

Chelsea Fixtures Football Club News

Chelsea F.C. is one of the top four football clubs belonging to the English Premier League, which is a good enough reason for people to take immense interest in looking up Chelsea Football Club News. The club is more than a century old and has belonged to the top division of the league for most of the time since its creation. Three league titles, five FA Cups, four League Cups and two UEFA Cup Winners Cup are some of the key achievements of Chelsea over the years.

Chelsea created its biggest Football Club news in 1955 by winning its first league championship. Since then they continued their spree by winning a few titles till the 1970s. However, they seemed to disappear of the front page for quite a while until they made their return in 1997. They created history for themselves by winning the league title twice in two consecutive years 2005 and 2006. Chelsea also reached the UEFA Champions League Finals in 2008, which definitely was great Chelsea Football Club news for fans.

The fan base of Chelsea is said to be the fifth largest when compared to any team in English football. Their average attendance was 41,673 for the 2007-08 seasons, which is quite high for a stadium that has a capacity of 41,841. Most of their fans belong to West London in areas such as Battersea and Hammersmith. The clubs home ground, Stamford Bridge, hasnt changed as their official ground since the day the club was founded. The clubs plan to expand to a capacity of over 50,000 is faced with several difficulties relating to health and safety. Rumor has it that Chelsea has plans to move out of Stamford Bridge to other options like Earls Court Exhibition Center or Battersea Power Station.

Chelsea has broken several records in football history that have created news in several parts of the world. Ron Harris, ex-captain of Chelsea, has made a recording 795 appearances for the club alone between the years 1969 and 1980. Frank Lampard is the closest current player in terms of appearances standing at 448 appearances. The club created history in 1971 at the UEFA Cup Winners Cup by winning against Jeunesse Hautcharage with a whooping 21-0 aggregate. This is an unbroken record for any European competition. They also hold the record for the longest spree for unbeaten matches at home. The spree lasted for 86 matches and for nearly four and a half years!
To keep yourself updated with latest football news please visit: http://www.apnafootball.com

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A Fundraising Event For Your Soccer Team

It seems like soccer fundraising is either a season-long effort or a quick hitter that doesn’t cover all your needs.

Well, the good news is that there are some ways to make money quickly, or even all season long, that merit your consideration.
What are your fundraising goals?

Many youth sports teams and leagues want:

1 – Fundraisers that can be done with little effort
2 – Fundraisers that may be done sporadically
3 – Fundraisers that will produce significant results
Soccer fundraising programs
In this article, we’ll examine several soccer fundraisers that are quick hitting and sure to score.

The three soccer fundraising programs are:

1 – Bottled water

2 – Shot cage and radar gun

3 – Fast-food discount cards

Soccer Fundraising: Bottled Water
The first soccer fundraising program is selling bottled water. Consider for a moment that each team member will bring water to every practice and to every game. That’s at least a couple dozen bottles right there and probably a whole lot more.

Add in sales to spectators and you’ve got at least 500 bottles that could easily be sold. Sure, you can buy in bulk at a warehouse club, but you can add extra value to your soccer fundraising with private branding of your bottled water, either as a team or as a league.

The initial setup for each label is $75 and afterward, the unique label with your logo emblazoned in color costs nothing extra. Prices for the bottled spring water are wholesale, which allows your group a comfortable 50% profit margin.

When you think about it, doesn’t it make sense to capture the wholesale-to-retail markup for your group while building team spirit at the same time?

Soccer Fundraising: Shot Cage
The second soccer fundraising program is best suited for a league-wide effort. On Picture Day, during a tournament, or at any other event with high attendance, set up a soccer “shot cage” with a radar gun to measure velocity.

Every player will want multiple chances to show just how fast their shot speeds toward the goal. You can set up contests with prizes for various age ranges, team awards, Top Gun, etc.

Soccer fundraising featuring a radar-equipped shooting cage is actually an inexpensive event to host.

Several companies rent the equipment by the week with radar gun, cage, and freight all included for less than $350.

You can also find suppliers who will put together a soccer fundraiser with a hosted radar cage and do a revenue split with your group, so there would be no upfront cost.

To maximize your soccer fundraising success, price shots in a multi-shot package, such as two for $1 or other combinations.

Count the number of players in your league or potential shooters at a tournament event and determine if this type of soccer fundraising is right for your group.

For additional information, you can contact national supplier Absolute Amusements.

Soccer Fundraising: Fast-food Discount Cards
The third soccer fundraiser is one that your group can use once or use to raise funds all season long. And that’s selling fast food discount cards.

This is a simple item to sell. Each fundraising discount card contains a certain number of two-for-one meal packages at a well-known fast food outlet.

Participating companies include McDonalds, Burger King, Pizza Hut, Subway, Taco Bell, Kentucky Fried Chicken, Dominoes Pizza, and other large fast-food chains.

Your group purchases a certain number of these cards in advance and sells them to families or individuals that will appreciate a substantial discount. The number of two-for-one deals on each card varies by company.

Pizza Hut’s card offers a free pizza with the purchase of another pizza up to a maximum of ten. The McDonalds card seems to offer the least number of “double deals” but its also one of the most popular.

Each card retails for $10 and costs between $1 to $2. Each one features the fast-food company’s logo on the front along with a message stating that 80-90% of the price of this card goes to support your soccer fundraising group.

It’s a nice way to tap into the consumer spending revenue stream with an attractive product that benefits both parties.

Find out more about fundraising discount cards from a supplier that handles all the different cards.

These programs allow your group to reap an excellent return by offering quality products that require only moderate effort. They are guaranteed to score a goal every time out with your players and your supporters.